Called “the mother of the civil rights movement,” Rosa Parks invigorated the struggle for racial equality when she refused to give up her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama. Parks’ arrest on December 1, 1955 launched the Montgomery Bus Boycott by 17,000 black citizens.Click to see full answer. Thereof, how did MLK influence Rosa Parks?In Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks is jailed for refusing to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man, a violation of the city’s racial segregation laws. The successful Montgomery Bus Boycott, organized by a young Baptist minister named Martin Luther King, Jr., followed Park’s historic act of civil disobedience.Furthermore, how did Rosa Parks break barriers? The boycott crippled white businesses and the public transit system. Parks and others mounted a court challenge to the segregation, and in June 1956, a federal court ruled segregation on buses unconstitutional. When Rosa Parks died, she was the first African-American woman to lie in state in the Capitol rotunda. Regarding this, how did Rosa Parks change the law? December 1, 1955: Rosa Parks’ Arrest Segregation was written into law; the front of a Montgomery bus was reserved for white citizens, and the seats behind them for black citizens. However, it was only by custom that bus drivers had the authority to ask a black person to give up a seat for a white rider.What was the result of Rosa Parks actions?As a result of Rosa Parks simple action, many things happened. An immediate result was the Montgomery bus boycott which was led by Martin Luther King Jr. Segregation issues went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court after Rosa Parks decided not to move from her bus seat.