Dorothea Dix (1802–1887) Dorothea Dix played an instrumental role in the founding or expansion of more than 30 hospitals for the treatment of the mentally ill.Click to see full answer. Thereof, how did Dorothea Dix change the world?Dorothea Lynde Dix (1802-1887) was an author, teacher and reformer. Her efforts on behalf of the mentally ill and prisoners helped create dozens of new institutions across the United States and in Europe and changed people’s perceptions of these populations.Beside above, how many people did Dorothea Dix help? As superintendent, Dix implemented the Federal army nursing program, in which over 3,000 women would eventually serve. Meanwhile, her influence was being eclipsed by other prominent women such as Dr. Also to know, is Dorothea Dix hospital still open? Dix Hill, now known as Dorothea Dix Hospital, opened as the North Carolina Hospital for the Mentally Ill in 1856. After the construction of Broughton Hospital ca. In 2000, it was decided that Dix Hill must shut down. In 2012, Dix Hill officially moved out its last patients and closed its doors permanently.What illness did Dorothea Dix have?However, these achievements were not easy; Dix often suffered from bouts of illness, including severe cough and fatigue, which eventually ended her career as a teacher. Archives suggest that her physical illness took its toll on her mental health, causing her to become depressed.