Scientists advanced the fields of algebra, calculus, geometry, chemistry, biology, medicine, and astronomy. Many forms of art flourished during the Islamic Golden Age, including ceramics, metalwork, textiles, illuminated manuscripts, woodwork, and calligraphy.Click to see full answer. Hereof, what are the achievements of the Islamic Golden Age?Just a few of the many events and achievements of the era include: Advancements in mathematics, including the birth of algebra and new insights into geometry and trigonometry. The origins of the scientific method, along with the development of chemistry, physics, and astronomy as discrete fields of inquiry.Secondly, what was the most important development or achievement of the Islamic Golden Age? Improvements to the astrolabe were one scientific achievement of the Golden Age. Correspondingly, what are the most important Islamic achievements? Here Hassani shares his top 10 outstanding Muslim inventions: Surgery. Around the year 1,000, the celebrated doctor Al Zahrawi published a 1,500 page illustrated encyclopedia of surgery that was used in Europe as a medical reference for the next 500 years. Coffee. Flying machine. University. Algebra. Optics. Music. Toothbrush. What inventions were made in the Islamic Golden Age? Islamic mathematicians also made the first systematic study of algebra and made huge advances in geometry and trigonometry. Horizontal-plane Windmills first appeared during the Islamic Golden Age. The Astrolabe was refined by Muslim astronomers. The Oud was an Islamic invention.