The ancient Egyptians would come to invent mathematics, geometry, surveying, metallurgy, astronomy, accounting, writing, paper, medicine, the ramp, the lever, the plow, and mills for grinding grain.Click to see full answer. Simply so, what things did Egypt invent? Ancient Egyptian Inventions The Egyptian’s inventions were many and it might be easier to list the things they did not invent such as the wheel; not unexpected in a country where everyone travels on water. The Pyramids. Writing. Papyrus Sheets. Black Ink. The Ox-drawn Plough. The Sickle. Irrigation. Secondly, what was the most important Egyptian invention? One of the most important inventions of the Ancient Egyptians was writing. They wrote in hieroglyphics. You can learn more about hieroglyphics here. Writing allowed the Egyptians to keep accurate records and maintain control of their large empire. Additionally, what did Egypt invent that we use today? Ancient Egyptians Invented the Ubiquitous Things We Use Today. From boats to glass, from door locks to the world’s first police force, the ancient Egyptians invented many of the things that we use today. But the Pyramids still remain a mystery.What contributions did ancient Egypt make?The Egyptians invented and used many simple machines, such as the ramp and the lever, to aid construction processes. They used rope trusses to stiffen the beam of ships. Egyptian paper, made from papyrus, and pottery were mass-produced and exported throughout the Mediterranean basin.