Temperature Click to see full answer. Beside this, what is the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance? Temperature Secondly, what is the average kinetic energy of molecules in a substance? Temperature is a number that is related to the average kinetic energy of the molecules of a substance. If temperature is measured in Kelvin degrees, then this number is directly proportional to the average kinetic energy of the molecules. Heat is a measurement of the total energy in a substance. Beside above, is a measure of the total kinetic energy of the atoms and molecules in a substance? Anything that is moving has kinetic energy, including the atoms and molecules vibrating in a substance. The total kinetic energy of those particles creates thermal energy. Temperature measures the average kinetic energy of those vibrating particles. The more they move, the higher the temperature.What is the formula for average kinetic energy?The average kinetic energy (K) is equal to one half of the mass (m) of each gas molecule times the RMS speed (vrms) squared.