# What is Kirchhoff’s current and voltage law?

Physics Concept Kirchhoff’s current law (1st Law) states that current flowing into a node (or a junction) must be equal to current flowing out of it. This is a consequence of charge conservation. Kirchhoff’s voltage law (2nd Law) states that the sum of all voltages around any closed loop in a circuit must equal zero.Click to see full answer. People also ask, what is Kirchhoff’s voltage law?Gustav Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law is the second of his fundamental laws we can use for circuit analysis. His voltage law states that for a closed loop series path the algebraic sum of all the voltages around any closed loop in a circuit is equal to zero.Also, what is KVL equation? This is called KVL ( Kirchhoff Voltage Law) equation. V = VI + V2 + V3. Applied voltage = sum of all voltage drops. OR. The source voltage is equal to the sum of all voltage drops. Then, what is KVL and KCL in electrical? The KVL states that the algebraic sum of the voltage at node in a closed circuit is equal to zero. The KCL law states that, in a closed circuit, the entering current at node is equal to the current leaving at the node. But, in complex electrical circuits, we cannot use this law to calculate the voltage and current.What are Kirchhoff’s 3 laws?Kirchhoff’s Laws are: A hot solid, liquid or gas, under high pressure, gives off a continuous spectrum. A hot gas under low pressure produces a bright-line or emission line spectrum. A dark line or absorption line spectrum is seen when a source of a continuous spectrum is viewed behind a cool gas under pressure.