Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a type of dialysis which uses the peritoneum in a person’s abdomen as the membrane through which fluid and dissolved substances are exchanged with the blood. It is used to remove excess fluid, correct electrolyte problems, and remove toxins in those with kidney failure.Click to see full answer. Hereof, what is peritoneal dialysis and how does it work?During peritoneal dialysis, a cleansing fluid (dialysate) is circulated through a tube (catheter) inside part of your abdominal cavity (peritoneal cavity). The dialysate absorbs waste products from blood vessels in your abdominal lining (peritoneum) and then is drawn back out of your body and discarded.Additionally, what is the difference between hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis? Hemodialysis uses a man-made membrane called a dialyzer to clean the blood, whereas peritoneal dialysis uses the lining of your belly. Peritoneal dialysis offers a more flexible dialysis schedule because you will be trained to administer the treatment at home, on your own schedule. Thereof, what are the benefits of peritoneal dialysis? The benefits of PD include: Fewer negative side effects (such as nausea, vomiting, cramping, and weight gain) than with hemodialysis. Provides continuous therapy, which acts more like natural kidneys. Can allow for fewer dietary restrictions. Needle-free treatments. How long can you live with peritoneal dialysis?Life expectancy on dialysis can vary depending on your other medical conditions and how well you follow your treatment plan. Average life expectancy on dialysis is 5-10 years, however, many patients have lived well on dialysis for 20 or even 30 years.