By the late 1800s, China is said to be “carved up like a melon” by foreign powers competing for “spheres of influence” on Chinese soil. From the 1860s onward, the Chinese attempt reform efforts to meet the military and political challenge of the West.Click to see full answer. Similarly one may ask, what was China called in 1800s? China in the 1800s The Qing (Ch’ing) Dynasty (1644-1912), founded by the invading Manchus, continued this splendor. Contemporary Chinese called the 18th century “unparalleled in history,” when all aspects of culture flourished.Also, what was China before it was China? The ancient China era was c. 1600–221 BC. The imperial era was 221 BC – 1912 AD, from China’s unification under Qin rule until the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Republic of China era was from 1912 until 1949, and the modern China era from 1949 until the present day. One may also ask, what problems did China face in the 1800s? By the mid-nineteenth century China’s population reached 450 million or more, more than three times the level in 1500. The inevitable results were land shortages, famine, and an increasingly impoverished rural population. Heavy taxes, inflation, and greedy local officials further worsened the farmer’s situation.Who ruled China in 1800?The Manchu conquest of China killed over 25 million people. The Ten Great Campaigns of the Qianlong Emperor from the 1750s to the 1790s extended Qing control into Inner Asia.