The leaders of the Roman Republic established a tripartite (try•PAHR•tyt) government. This type of government has three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive branch enforces a country’s laws.Click to see full answer. Moreover, what type of government did the Roman republic have? Republic Aristocracy what were the 3 branches of government in ancient Rome? The government in the early years of the Roman Republic had 3 branches—The Consuls, The Senate, and The Assembly. Each branch had various powers. In this manner, how many branches of government did the Roman republic have? three branches Why did the Roman government divided into the 3 branches What was the purpose?The government of ancient Rome was divided into three parts so that one group could not get too powerful. The three parts of the Roman Republic were the Consuls, the Senate, and the Assembly.