In the mouth, carbohydrates are broken down by amylase into maltose (a disaccharide ) and then move down the esophagus, which produces mucus for lubrication, but no digestive enzymes.Click to see full answer. Keeping this in consideration, what macronutrient begins digestion in the mouth?The digestion of carbohydrates begins in the mouth. The salivary enzyme amylase begins the breakdown of food starches into maltose, a disaccharide. As the bolus of food travels through the esophagus to the stomach, no significant digestion of carbohydrates takes place.Likewise, where are the macronutrients digested? The primary site of macronutrient absorption is the small intestine. The morphology of the small intestine is characterized by a series of folds serving to progressively increase absorptive area over that of a smooth tube. Beside above, which macronutrient is primarily digested in the mouth name the enzyme involved? The mouth is the organ in which the process of digestion begins. It starts the process of mechanical digestion by grinding the food with teeth. Also in the mouth, an enzyme called salivary amylase begins to break down long starch molecules into maltose.What kind of food is chemically digested in the mouth?Mechanical digestion begins in the mouth as the food is chewed. Chemical digestion involves breaking down the food into simpler nutrients that can be used by the cells. Chemical digestion begins in the mouth when food mixes with saliva. Saliva contains an enzyme (amylase) that begins the breakdown of carbohydrates.