A confederation is a political system in which the state governments are dominant over the national government.Click to see full answer. Similarly, what limits the national government’s power?The Bill of Rights added to the American Constitution, along with other constitutional amendments, limits the power of government in two ways. The Ninth Amendment reads “The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others held by the people.”Subsequently, question is, what is a federal system of government? A federal government is a system of dividing up power between a central national government and local state governments that are connected to one another by the national government. The 10th amendment of the Constitution, on the other hand, gave all other powers to the states. In respect to this, how does federalism limit the government power? Federalism limits government by creating two sovereign powers—the national government and state governments—thereby restraining the influence of both. Separation of powers imposes internal limits by dividing government against itself, giving different branches separate functions and forcing them to share power.What is the best definition of federalism a government in which power is given to Congress directly a government in which power is under the control of the states a government in which power is divided between state and national levels a government in which powers are directly stated in the Constitution?Federalism can be defined as the division of powers and functions between the national government and the state governments. Federal systems differ fundamentally from the unitary system, in which the central government makes the important decisions and grants very little power to lower levels of government.