The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is the first international court of law established to prosecute high-ranking individuals for massive human rights violations in Africa. The purpose of this court is to prosecute those allegedly responsible for the 1994 Rwandan Genocide.Click to see full answer. In this way, when was the ICTR established? November 8, 1994 Furthermore, what is the purpose of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda? The United Nations Security Council established the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to “prosecute persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda and neighbouring States, between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994”. Besides, why was the ICTY created? Establishment. In May 1993, the Tribunal was established by the United Nations in response to mass atrocities then taking place in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The ICTY was the first war crimes court created by the UN and the first international war crimes tribunal since the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals.Was the ICTY successful?In accomplishing this, the ICTY accomplished something greater: it delivered justice. One indication of the ICTY’s success is the number of courts established since its founding to address atrocities in Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Cambodia, Kosovo, and Timor Leste, as well as the creation of the International Criminal Court.