The sailboat made it easier for the people of Mesopotamia to get foods and goods that they did not have in their native area. The invention of the sailboat introduced the idea of trade over water to later civilizations.Click to see full answer. Similarly, why was the sailboat important to Mesopotamia?This came in the form of water transportation, and thus the first boats were invented. Thus sailboats were invented. They were primitive in design, but the sailboats helped the Mesopotamians in trade and commerce. They also helped in irrigation and fishing.Also, why is sailing important? Being on a boat slows down time and helps us understand ourselves. Some sailors gain a profound sense of oneness with their boat, the sea and the wind. The boat becomes a self-contained universe, the process of sailing becomes all consuming. Any sense of time changes and expands, small moments becoming more important. Accordingly, did the Mesopotamians invent the sailboat? In 1300 B.C., Mesopotamia invented the sailboat. They invented it because they needed a way to get fish in the middle of deep lakes and rivers. www.dawn.com 4000 BCE: Phoenicians and Egyptians sail under cloth sails on single log and simple long narrow sailboats.Which Sumerian invention was the most important and why?Perhaps the most important advance made by the Mesopotamians was the invention of writing by the Sumerians. Go here to learn more about Sumerian writing. With the invention of writing came the first recorded laws called Hammurabi’s Code as well as the first major piece of literature called the Epic Tale of Gilgamesh.